Assembling a List of Works Cited in Your Paper is a good place to start when compiling citations. It presents examples of citations from journal articles, books, etc. in these formats: APA, Chicago Style, MLA and Turabian.
Why? Documenting sources used in a paper can be challenging. Many different citation styles exist, with specific rules for many source types — journal articles, books, Web sites, etc. This page refers to services designed to help you cite. Note:
- Always ask your class instructor for the preferred style and edition for the course.
- When using a program to format citations, always double-check the final result.
- These sites do not give instructions for all types of sources. Refer to the print copy of the style manual if there is not an appropriate example online.
Your library may provide a citation management program, such as RefWorks or EndNote, to help manage and format your citations. Check at your library.
Cite Properly to Avoid Plagiarism! Plagiarism, "the unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's own original work" (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2nd ed.), can be committed as an accidental oversight or intentionally. Plagiarism is a very serious academic offense with serious consequences.
- Avoiding Plagiarism (from Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL))
- Citing Sources and Avoiding Plagiarism (from Duke University Libraries)
- How to Avoid Plagiarism: An Online Tutorial (from Rutgers University Libraries)
Citation Generator Services format a citation based on data you provide:
- KnightCite (from Calvin College)
Style Manuals (books) that may be available in your library:
- The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th ed., (Chicago)
- Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th ed., (APA)
- Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed., (APA)
- MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 6th ed., (MLA)
- MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th ed., (MLA)
- A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers, 7th ed., (Turabian)
- Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, 7th ed., (CSE)
- Research and Documentation Online provides examples for documenting sources, etc. in APA, MLA, Chicago, and CSE style (from Bedford/St. Martin's)
- How to Cite Internet Sources shows how to cite Wikipedia, e-mail & instant messages, blogs, and more (from the Writing Center at Yale University)
- Citing Maps shows how to cite both digital and print maps (from Ohio Wesleyan University Library)
- Citing Medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers
- Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL): including information on style guides
Acknowledgments: This page was compiled by Nancy Connor, Cuyahoga Community College, and Linda Rich, Bowling Green State University. OhioLINK thanks the following organizations and individuals for permission to reference their Web sites for this page: Bedford/St. Martin's; the Hekman Library of Calvin College; Kelley A. Lawton and Laura Cousineau of Duke University Libraries; the Modern Language Association; the National Library of Medicine; the Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL); the Paul Robeson Library at Rutgers University; and the Writing Center at Yale University.
Updated September 2014